shall/should


shall/should
shall/should
КОММЕНТАРИЙ:shall / should
Сначала несколько примеров из оригинальной англоязычной нормативно-технической документации:
1. Within this Specification:
a. "Shall"is used to indicate that a provision is mandatory.
b. "Should"is used to indicate that a provision is not mandatory, but recommended as good practice.
2. Shall:Indicates a mandatory requirement.
Should:Indicates a suggested means of accomplishment.
3."Shallhas been used only when application of a procedure is mandatory.
"Should'has been used only when application of a procedure is recommended.
4.Shall: A term which indicates that a provision is a Code requirement (see alsoshould/
Should: A term which indicates that a provision is recommended as good practice but is not a Code requirement (see alsoshall/)
5.Shall: Indicates a mandatory or required action (seeshould. Should: Indicates a preferred or recommended action (seeshall/
6.Shall:Indicates a mandatory requirement. Should:Indicates a preferred (but not mandatory) course of action.
7. Mandatory rules of this Code are characterized by the use of the word "shall". If a rule is of an advisory nature it is indicated by the use of the word "should"or is stated as a recommendation.
8. The word "shall"indicates a mandatory provision and "should"indicates a recommended or advisory provision.
И так далее, и тому подобное. Из приведенных здесь (и десятков других известных составителю) примеров со всей очевидностью вытекает, что
shall«сильнее», чем should. Переводчики, не знакомые с этим обстоятельством, столкнувшись с глаголом shall, переводят его то будущим временем, то с использованием формы долженствования. И то, и другое неверно, поскольку shall это - нечто, не подлежащее обсуждению. Это - данность. Это, как говорил Остап Бендер, - «медицинский факт». И на русский язык этот глагол переводится обычным изъявительным наклонением с использованием глагола либо в возвратной форме, либо в третьем лице множественного числа. Например: «Работа в замкнутых или ограниченных пространствах производится сварщиком под контролем наблюдающего...» (а не будет производиться) или «Нормы дымности дизелей, тракторов и машин конкретных марок устанавливают в зависимости от условного расхода воздуха» (а не должны устанавливаться).

English-Russian dictionary of scientific and technical difficulties vocabulary. . 2007.

Смотреть что такое "shall/should" в других словарях:

  • shall — ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. present shall) 1) (in the first person) expressing the future tense. 2) expressing a strong assertion or intention. 3) expressing an instruction or command. 4) used in questions indicating offers or suggestions. USAGE… …   English terms dictionary

  • shall — modal verb (3rd singular present shall) 1》 (in the first person) expressing the future tense. 2》 expressing a strong assertion or intention. 3》 expressing an instruction or command. 4》 used in questions indicating offers or suggestions. Origin OE …   English new terms dictionary

  • Shall and will — are both modal verbs in English used to express propositions about the future. Contents 1 Usage 1.1 Simple future 1.2 Questions 1.3 …   Wikipedia

  • Should — Shall Shall, v. i. & auxiliary. [imp. {Should}.] [OE. shal, schal, imp. sholde, scholde, AS. scal, sceal, I am obliged, imp. scolde, sceolde, inf. sculan; akin to OS. skulan, pres. skal, imp. skolda, D. zullen, pres. zal, imp. zoude, zou, OHG.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shall — Shall, v. i. & auxiliary. [imp. {Should}.] [OE. shal, schal, imp. sholde, scholde, AS. scal, sceal, I am obliged, imp. scolde, sceolde, inf. sculan; akin to OS. skulan, pres. skal, imp. skolda, D. zullen, pres. zal, imp. zoude, zou, OHG. solan,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shall — [ ʃəl, strong ʃæl ] modal verb *** Shall is usually followed by an infinitive without to : I shall explain everything later. Sometimes it is used without a following infinitive: I have never visited Africa and probably never shall. Shall does not …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • shall - will — Shall and will are used to make statements and ask questions about the future. Shall and will are not usually pronounced in full when they come after a pronoun. When you write down what someone says, you usually represent shall or will as …   Useful english dictionary

  • should — [ ʃud ] modal verb *** Should is usually followed by an infinitive without to : You should eat more fresh fruit. Sometimes should is used without a following infinitive: I don t always do everything I should. Should does not change its form, so… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Should — (sh[oo^]d), imp. of {Shall}. [OE. sholde, shulde, scholde, schulde, AS. scolde, sceolde. See {Shall}.] Used as an auxiliary verb, to express a conditional or contingent act or state, or as a supposition of an actual fact; also, to express moral… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • should — [shood] v.aux. [ME scholde < OE sceolde, pt. of sceal, scal, I am obliged: see SHALL] 1. pt. of SHALL [I had hoped I should see you] 2. used to express obligation, duty, propriety, or desirability [you should ask first, the plants should be… …   English World dictionary

  • should — ► MODAL VERB (3rd sing. should) 1) used to indicate obligation, duty, or correctness. 2) used to indicate what is probable. 3) formal expressing the conditional mood. 4) used in a clause with ‘that’ after a main clause describing feelings. 5)… …   English terms dictionary


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